Join these days and you can effortlessly save your favourite articles, join in the conversation and comment, plus select which news your want direct to your inbox. Some of the most poignant criticisms of technology are found in what are now regarded to be dystopian literary classics such as Aldous Huxley ‘s Brave New Globe , Anthony Burgess ‘s A Clockwork Orange , and George Orwell ‘s Nineteen Eighty-Four In Goethe’s Faust , Faust selling his soul to the devil in return for power more than the physical world is also usually interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of industrial technology.
But whilst the range of case research explored here may appear limited, if not arbitrary, the choice to juxtapose them within a single book serves a larger objective: to attempt to displace those reigning narratives of religion and technology that fail to reflect on their own parochial status as predominantly Christian and Western, or that are myopically focused on modern technoculture at the expense of a longer historical view.
In other words, for Ernst, the challenge facing the study of religion and technology is not to bring them closer together, but to rethink the terms on which they must remain separate, an argument he pursues by means of his account of the history of the oscillating clock and its progressive detachment from its original locus in the monasteries of medieval Christian Europe.
In my own chapter on a nineteenth-century technology made for spirit communication, I attend to the broader arena of popular science within which advocates as effectively as detractors of Spiritualism compete for the authority to define and operate instruments that purport to register the presence of invisible” forces, variously described as electricity, nervous energy, sympathy, and spirit.
A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and as a outcome has helped spawn new subcultures the rise of cyberculture has at its basis the improvement of the Internet and the computer 15 Not all technology enhances culture in a inventive way technology can also aid facilitate political oppression and war through tools such as guns.